First, the space for multiple identities is more limited for people who are marginalized, so they may lack the freedom to choose the identity they value. Second, different groups compete for limited economic and political power and resources, and the deprived and marginalized lose out. Third, even worse, the insistence on a single, irrefutable identity, and the denial of reasoning and choice in selecting identities may lead to extremism and violence and thus pose a threat to human development.
Preferences are often constructed by social traditions of privilege and subordination. But changing values and norms can transform the situation. Freedoms are interdependent and such interdependence may sometimes be reinforcing. For example, a worker exercising the freedom to green the workspace may contribute to the freedom of his or her co-workers to have clean air. But the freedom of one may also impinge on the freedom of others. A wealthy person has the freedom to construct a multistory house, but that may deprive his or her poor neighbour of sunlight and of an airy environment.
Rich and powerful groups may try to curtail the freedom of others. This is reflected in the affluence bias of the policy matrix in many economies, in the way the legal system is built and in the way institutions work.
A Sunday of Solidarity for suffering children
All societies have to make trade-offs and, following reasoned debate determine the principles for settling issues, dynamically, as they achieve more development, and realize a more just society. A four-pronged policy approach at the national level can ensure that human development reaches everyone. First, reaching out to those left out requires universal policies, but practical universalism in policy areas is difficult. For example, a country may be committed to universal health care, but the remoteness of locations and geographies of the terrains may prevent health care centres accessible to all localities.
So universal human development policies need to be reoriented to reach towards those passed by. Second, even with appropriate universal policies, specific groups of people have special needs and require specific measures. Their situations vary and policies must be sensitive to their diverse needs. For example, persons with disabilities require special measures for work opportunities, mobility and participation. Third, human development achieved does not mean human development sustained.
Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
With shocks and vulnerabilities, human development progress may be slowed or even reversed, with implications for those who have just passed the threshold of basic human development and those yet to achieve the basics. So human development will have to be resilient. Fourth, reaching those left out also requires empowering them, so that if policies and relevant actors fail to deliver, they can raise their voice, demand their rights and resort to mechanisms to redress. Furthermore, as we live in a globalized world, national policies for universal human development must be complemented and supplemented by a global system which is fair and human development enriching.
Global institutional reforms should encompass the broader areas of regulation of global markets, the governance of multilateral institutions and the strengthening of global civil society. The links between the human development framework, the Development Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs are mutually reinforcing in three ways. First, the Agenda can see what analytical parts of the human development framework strengthen its conceptual foundation. Similarly, the human development paradigm can review the narrative of the Agenda and examine parts that can enrich it.
The human development paradigm and the Agenda for Sustainable Development are mutually reinforcing. Fulfilling the Agenda is a critical step towards enabling the people to reach their full potential. In fact, the human development approach and the Development Agenda have three common analytical links. Further advances are possible, changes take place and transformations happen. For example, Sub-Saharan Africa in the s has achieved an additional life expectancy of 6 years — the highest in the world.
South Asia, where extreme poverty is rampant, reduced extreme poverty rate from 45 percent to 15 percent just in 13 years - from to in The Americas have been declared free of measles. People are now having resounding voices, innovations and human ingenuity are there, taboo issues are now being discussed, there is more environmental awareness.
But most importantly, slowly but surely, global consensus is emerging on various critical issues. Just think of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. What once was unthinkable is now unstoppable. In conclusion, human development for everyone is not a dream, but a reality. We can build on what we have achieved, we can explore new possibilities and we can attain what once seemed unattainable.
Hopes are within our reach to realize. For the next 25 years, let us ensure a journey from deprivation to prosperity; from challenges to opportunities, from despair to hope. And in this journey, let us first reach those who are farthest behind. If we do that, at the end of the journey, we shall find that we have done it together, and when we look back, we shall see that no one has been left behind. Skip to main content.
Human development for everyone: beyond averages 08 September Excellencies, Ladies and gentlemen, Let me start with a simple statement: every human being counts and every human life is equally valuable. In the context of human development for everyone, let me concentrate on five basic messages: One , over the past quarter of a century, impressive progress has taken place on many fronts of human development, yet significant human deprivations persist.
Boats have been lifted, but not to the same extent, and not all boats. Two , the human development journey has bypassed specific groups and they face systemic barriers to overcoming deprivations. It is essential to know who, where and how of these deprivations and groups. Three , mapping of deprivations is essential, but human development for everyone also requires revisiting some human development analytical issues.
Four , national policy options for human development for everyone are available and they must be complemented with global reforms.
Five , the human development framework and the Development Agenda are mutually reinforcing and they can inform and influence each other. Impressive progress but with persistent deprivations Let us recognize that the principle of universalism is one thing, translating it into practice is another. Substantial barriers persist for universal human development Specific groups in every society have been subjected to systemic deprivations.
Freedom's Journey aims to help survivors of human trafficking
Human development for everyone — refocusing on analytical issues Mapping of those left out is necessary, but not enough. Human development for everyone: a four-pronged policy strategy A four-pronged policy approach at the national level can ensure that human development reaches everyone. The human development framework and the Development Agenda are mutually reinforcing The links between the human development framework, the Development Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs are mutually reinforcing in three ways. First , both are anchored in the principle of universalism—the human development framework by emphasizing the enhancement of freedoms for every human being, and the Agenda by concentrating on leaving no one behind.
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Second, both share the same fundamental areas of focus - eradicating extreme poverty, ending hunger, reducing inequality, ensuring gender equality, and so on. Donate in honor or memory of a loved one.
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