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A new puppy will become part of the family for the rest of its life and you will be responsible for its wellbeing. Before getting a new puppy, there are a number of things one has to consider. It is called a retrovirus because of the method it uses to replicate inside the cat. It is the same type of virus as the human immunodeficiency virus and although there are a lot of disease similarities, several studies have shown that the disease is not transmissible to humans.

FeLV is one of the most dangerous diseases that affect cats and is a major cause of death in cats. Fortunately the prevalence of the disease has decreased in recent years due to the use of vaccines against the disease and the ability of vets to diagnose the disease early and accurately.

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The virus can also not be transmitted from cats to dogs. Both viruses are classified as Lentivirus, which means they have a long period of showing very few clinical signs during which time the immune system deteriorates. Eventually Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS develops and this is accompanied by opportunistic infections, systemic disease and cancer. Hyperthyroidism refers to an overactive thyroid gland.

It is an important part of the endocrine or hormonal messenger system in the body and affects all the organ systems including the liver, kidneys, heart, nervous system, intestines and even the skin. The primary hormone produced by the thyroid gland is thyroxin also referred to as T4 hormone. It is the overproduction of this hormone that causes hyperthyroidism. Thyroxin or T4 is inactive when released, and is transformed into a biologically active form, T3, or otherwise called iodothyronine.

Demodex is a mite that lives in the hair follicles of most mammals. It is species specific which means that different types of animals, including humans, have their own type of mite. It is a normal inhabitant of the skin and is most commonly not contagious. The mite is usually passed on to puppies from their mother in the first 72 hours of life.

The puppy's immune system usually copes to contain the mite but sometimes an overgrowth of the mites occurs and this is when symptoms of demodicosis also referred to as mange are seen. Mange is a collective name for skin disease caused by different types of mites of which the Demodex mite is only one. Congestive Heart Failure CHF is a very common condition affecting our pets, and is more often seen in dogs than cats. Although it is a serious condition, and a major concern for a pet owner, it can be easily diagnosed and once diagnosed, it can be managed effectively.

The important thing is to make an early diagnosis and start treatment immediately. Congestive Heart Failure can occur in pets of any age, but is more common in older animals. For this reason it is important to have annual checks done on older generation pets.

The pancreas is a small gland that is situated next to the stomach and first part of the small intestine in the front of the abdomen. As in humans, it performs two main functions in dogs and cats. It is responsible for producing some of the special chemicals called enzymes which aid in the digestion of food. Enzymes are usually inactive within the pancreas. They are activated when they are released into the small intestine through ducts. Enzymes break down the food into smaller particles which can then be absorbed through the intestinal wall into the blood stream.

The other main function of the pancreas is to help regulate blood sugar. The pancreas produces special messengers called hormones. Insulin is one such hormone. These hormones tell the body when to release or store glucose into the cells. Sometimes the digestive enzymes are released within the pancreas, instead of within the small intestine. When this happens, it causes severe inflammation and death of some of the pancreatic cells. This can affect surrounding abdominal organs, such as the liver. When inflammation occurs it is usually very painful and is described as pancreatitis.

Pancreatitis can be acute, where the inflammation is not associated with permanent damage or it can be chronic. A chronic pancreatitis results in the pancreas becoming smaller and harder than normal and this affects the function of this important organ. Pancreatitis can become very severe very quickly and cause your pet to suffer with intense pain so it is important for your pet to receive veterinary attention as soon as you suspect there may be something wrong. As the end of the year draws to a close, most businesses start to slow down in anticipation of a well-needed rest. The veterinary world however, braces itself for its busiest time.

The holiday season comes with a multitude of risks for animals. This occurs for many reasons, some of them are out of our control, including climatic changes and prevalence of certain parasites, but many of them can be guarded against if the pet owner is aware and vigilant. The kidneys are very important organs of the animal body and play an important role in the normal day to day functioning of the body.

They act like a specialised type of filter by retaining the appropriate amount of different salts electrolytes to maintain fluid balance in the body. They secrete a hormone which is involved in the production of red blood cells. The kidneys are also responsible for getting rid of waste products through the urine, especially those that are produced by the breakdown of protein in food. This means that of two kidneys, as little as only half of one is functioning normally before the signs of kidney failure become evident. At this stage the kidneys can no longer adapt to maintain a normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body, and are no longer able to expel toxins as efficiently as before.

The challenge with treating kidney disease is that the kidneys do not have the capacity to regenerate like other organs like the liver. This means that it is very important to look out for the symptoms of kidney failure so treatment can commence as soon as possible to preserve as much of the kidneys as possible.

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Our domestic pets are kept as companions and the success of a pet in a household is not only measured by its longevity and health, but also how it fits into the home and interacts with the rest of the members of the household. More importantly, most pets do not stay confined to their home all the time, but often go out with the owner and interact with other animals and human beings. Just as there are rules for humans for good and acceptable public behaviour, so there are rules for good animal behaviour.

The birth of a litter is a very exciting event, but it is also a huge responsibility for the owner, as many things can go wrong. Besides the birth process itself, problems can occur with the young animals due to birth defects, infections, or insufficient mothering care. In these cases hand rearing may be necessary. There is a huge amount of commitment required for hand rearing. The main principles of concern are providing correct nutrition; temperature control; good hygiene; and monitoring urination and defecation.

Ear infections are common in dogs, and to a lesser degree in cats. The anatomy of the animal predisposes them to this condition. This shape makes it difficult for debris and water that go into the ear to come out, against the force of gravity. Just like humans and most other domestic animal species, cats can also catch colds. In cats, this disease is referred to as Snuffles — quite an apt name for all the sniffing and snorting associated with this disease.

The learned name for this disease is Feline Rhinotracheitis. This name describes the disease well;. Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis, or as it is more commonly known, Kennel Cough, is an upper respiratory tract disease of dogs that is found throughout the world. Breaking down the names of disease gives an indication as to how, and which parts of, the respiratory tract are involved.

The pancreas is an organ in the body which is closely associated with the segment of intestine that leaves the stomach. The pancreas releases enzymes involved in digestion as well as hormones with specific functions. One of these hormones is insulin. Insulin is released from the pancreas in response to the intake of food, especially carbohydrates and to a lesser degree fats and protein. The way in which a fit or seizure presents can vary significantly, from what seems to be a brief moment of absent-mindedness to full blown body contractions where the animal is semi-conscious and lying on the ground shivering, shaking and convulsing, with foam coming out the mouth and looking like it is busy dying.

Owners, and even vets who may have seen such seizures in pets quite often, still find it disturbing at the best of times. The treatment of cancer in pets has become a significant part of the therapy provided by veterinarians to keep our pet population healthy and thriving. Depending on the modality used, the type and extent of cancer treated, and the size and the nature of the animal involved, cancer treatment can be very expensive. Therefore, as with any disease, the principle of prevention is better than cure holds true. Not all cancers can be prevented but there are certain types of cancers which can be prevented and others that, if treated early on, require much less invasive treatment and therapy, than cancers which are left to develop.

Children and pets are synonymous. Most families at some point in time acquire a pet for their children. Be it goldfish, pocket pets like hamsters, mice, gerbils or guinea pigs, birds, dogs, cats, rabbits or even something exotic like a snake, a tortoise, bearded dragon or iguana. Pets come in all shapes and sizes and often times they are given to a child as a gift. Sometimes the child has not asked for a pet and receives one without receiving proper instructions on how to care for it. Many times children will beg and nag their parents for a certain type of pet, and eventually wear the parents down with their continuous nagging to the point where the parents cave in to the demands of the child to preserve the peace.

This peace only lasts for a very brief moment before the parents realise that they made a big mistake. The battle against cancer in humans is as old as mankind itself. Since veterinary medicine became a fully-fledged discipline in the previous century, this battle has been extended to animals, and more so than any other area of veterinary medicine, to our pets. Many animal owners who are confronted with cancer in their pet for the first time, are somewhat surprised to find out that cancer is as prevalent in animals as it is in humans.

Once they have overcome the initial shock, they find it even more surprising that cancer in animals is treated very much the same way in animals as in humans. Human hygiene and animal hygiene are worlds apart. Whatever is considered to be clean for humans is totally something else for our pets.

Dirt may easily be disguised in the thick or thin coat of a pet and only once the animal is washed do we really see how dirty they are. Cats spend their days and nights grooming themselves. However many cats love taking a dust bath and will revel in the opportunity to curl and then wriggle on their back from side to side on a nice patch of bare soil. Anxiety and angst is as much part of the animal world as it is of the human world.

As humans, the way in which we manage stress and anxiety is largely related to our understanding of our environment and an interpretation of cause and effect. Unfortunately this is not the same for animals. A human who is about to set off a large fire cracker can warn all those around them of the impending bang, and prepare everyone for the impact. However explaining to a dog or cat that the glitter of a burning fuse will lead to a thunderous crack to which they should not respond, is impossible. Nobody will dispute the cuteness of puppies or kittens.

These adorable little creatures really pull at the heartstrings and appeal to young and old. However spending some time in a puppy or kitten shelter and seeing what undernourished or uncared for puppies or kittens look like, will make anyone who is serious about the well being of animals think twice about indiscriminate breeding. How often must I vaccinate my dog? Dogs have long been recognised as the main transmitters of the disease to people. When compared with other formidable human diseases such as Bubonic Plague and Smallpox, and animal diseases such as Rinderpest and Anthrax, Rabies has probably never caused comparably high numbers of deaths in humans and animals.

However, the horrendous manner in which Rabies manifests itself in its victims continues to attract the attention of scientists, health and veterinary workers. The true scale of Rabies in South Africa remains clouded by the many thousands of people protected by post-exposure treatment each year after Rabies exposure and the undiagnosed human and animal Rabies cases not reflected in official statistics.

Gestation Pregnancy Dogs are on average pregnant for 63 days after fertilisation has taken place. It may be difficult to determine exactly when a bitch fell pregnant if multiple matings took place over a number of days and therefore pregnancy may seem to be longer than 63 days, sometimes up to 72 days. Sperm can also stay alive in the female genital tract for a few days and therefore fertilisation may happen a day or two or even up to a few days after mating.

Few things in life are cuter than a puppy or kitten! If you would like to let your dog or cat have a litter of puppies or kittens there are a number of things you need to know in preparation for the process. Dogs and cats normally come on heat for the first time somewhere between the ages of 5 to 9 months. Smaller dog breeds mature earlier than larger or giant breeds, and will usually come on heat between 5 and 6 months of age.

Large and giant dog breeds will usually come on heat after 6 months, sometimes only around 9 months of age. In part 1 of this article we looked at the difference between urine marking and inappropriate elimination in cats, and urine marking was discussed in more depth. In this article we will look at the reasons for inappropriate elimination as well as the diagnosis and treatment of both inappropriate elimination and urine marking. In order to understand disease of the urinary system it is important to understand the anatomy of this system.

The urinary system comprises two kidneys which are linked to the bladder by two tiny tubes called the ureters. The ureters terminate in the lower part of the bladder commonly referred to as the neck of the bladder. The bladder is a balloon like structure which can expand to many times its empty size when it is filled with urine. The main tube taking urine from the bladder to the genital organs is called the urethra. The urethra terminates in the vagina in female and in the penis in males. Ask any cat owner and they will tell you that cats are not just small little dogs. So naturally a fair amount of the medical problems cats suffer from are unique to this species.

In this two-part series we are going to explore one of the more common problems that affect cats.

My Funny Dog Reacts When I Blow on His Ear

Everybody wants value for money. No one will deny that it is no different when taking your pets to the vet. We love our four legged and feathered friends dearly, but like everything else in life, most of us have to budget for their expenses, and make sure we derive as much value out of a visit to the vet as possible. The starting point of deriving value for money is to be courteous to the staff working in a veterinary practice.

Being rude and obnoxious with the staff of the veterinary practice especially the reception and support staff will not endear you or your pets to them, and if you get their hackles up before the vets have even seen your animal, the total experience of visiting the vet is likely to be compromised in the long run. We know that rat poison will kill a rat, but….. The answer is an emphatic YES. As a matter of fact, there are quite a few other common household items which can be lethal for dogs, cats, pet birds and pocket pets like hamsters and mice.

Conventional Poisons Rat Poison warfarin There are many different rat poisons available on the market but the most common variety is the anticoagulation type. It prevents blood from clotting. It has a slow onset and eventually in higher and repeated doses will cause the animal to start bleeding internally and lead to death. Both short and long acting formulations are available and signs of poisoning can be seen 5 — 7 days after the patient ate rat poison.

Outward signs of bleeding, such as nose bleeds may be seen, however many animals will bleed internally into the chest or abdominal cavity without any signs of external bleeding. Nothing could be further from the truth and some human medicines and even some fruit and vegetables and sweets daily eaten by humans, can be deadly to our dogs, cats, pet birds and pocket pets like hamsters and mice.

Most people, at some point in time, struggle to shed some extra weight. Obesity in humans has reached epidemic proportions and in a study released two years ago, South Africans were classified as the third fattest people on earth. Worse than this, is the fact that obesity in pets is following this trend and fast becoming a disease on its own. Body fat increases when the amount of energy taken in by eating food exceeds the amount of energy used by exercising.

Body Mass Index or BMI which is commonly used in humans to define obesity is not commonly used in animals, because there is such a huge variation between and within different breeds. One of these little scourges can be found nearly all over South Africa, namely ticks. Most people have at some or other time encountered a tick on their pet. This can be quite distressing — especially if you consider a disease like biliary tick fever. In part one of this two-part article, we looked at the signs and diagnoses of arthritis in pets. In this part of the article, we will look at the treatment and prevention of arthritis in pets.

With the advancement of technology and medicine, arthritis is no longer a death sentence. Our beloved pets can benefit from a range of surgical and medical treatment. As mentioned in part one, it can never be stopped or cured but arthritis can definitely be managed and symptoms relieved to give your pet a pain-free life. Going on holiday is always fun but we must never forget or neglect our pets in the excitement leading up to a well-deserved vacation. When going on holiday find someone to look after your pets while you are away.

It will be a good idea either to get a house sitter or place your pets in a kennel over the holidays as medical problems can just as easily arise when you are not at home. Giving the vet notice of your impending holiday and making arrangements for someone to take your pets there in case of an emergency is an important part of your holiday planning. Also, stock up on enough food and make sure your pet has enough medicine if they are on chronic medication.

So what happens when your beloved canine friend does not want to go for his walk anymore because he is too sore the next morning? Unfortunately, older pets, and these days even puppies, get afflicted by a condition commonly known as joint disease. This is the same problem we as humans suffer from as well, better known as arthritis. In dogs and cats and more commonly in larger breed dogs, it is concentrated in the hip, knee, shoulder and elbow joints. The spinal column and back vertebrae backbones can also be affected. In the first part of this two-part series we looked at the complexity of itching and scratching in pets and the fact that although the symptoms eventually manifest in the same way i.

Itching or pruritis, as vets call it, can be described as the sensation that elicits the desire to scratch. The skin, being the biggest organ in the body and acting as a sort of outer nervous system, provides feedback to the brain of things like temperature, touch, pain and itching through a network of nerve endings. Vets often hear this complaint in the examination room, where clients complain about the incessant itching and scratching of their pets. This is a more common complaint with dogs where the nightly thump, thump, thump of a hind limb hitting the floor keeps the owner and the dog awake for hours.

If it is irritating and hard wearing on the owner, then equally so, if not so much more for the affected pet. Skin problems in dogs and cats make up by far the biggest number of cases seen by vets. This is understandable given the fact that the skin is the biggest organ in the body. By definition, it is also the organ which has the greatest exposure to the environment.

The name of a particular disease is often influenced by the circumstances around the original occurrence of such a disease. As time went by and a better understanding of the disease became apparent, it became clear that the disease was transmitted by Tsetse flies and had nothing to do with the trees.

Later it was discovered that cats did not harbour the offending organism causing the disease, but an extremely small yet resilient virus called, Parvo virus in actual fact is responsible for the disease. An animal emergency can roughly be defined as an incident or condition which, once it occurs, if left untreated for more than an hour, will lead to death. Most emergencies have an acute nature or onset and leave little room for preparation and decision making. We therefore have to prepare for them in advance, and be ready to take action as soon as the emergency occurs.

The sooner you can get in touch with the veterinary practice and alert them to the fact that you have an emergency and they need to be on standby and ready to assist as soon as you arrive at the veterinary practice, the better the chances of survival of your animal. Many people wonder why vets recommend having a once a year check-up for pets.

It may differ slightly from breed to breed and usually cats and small breed dogs age slower than large breed dogs. The average life expectancy of a large breed dog is about twelve years whereas cats and smaller breed dogs can quite comfortably live to eighteen years.

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Just like in humans where the average life expectancy has increased dramatically over the last twenty years because of better healthcare, proper nutrition and a general improvement in living conditions, so has the life expectancy of our pets. Animals which are kept as domestic pets live a much more sheltered lifestyle than their wild counterparts, where there is little protection from natural predators and harsh environmental conditions. Nutrition for pets has also become a much more advanced science than in years gone by and these days it is quite common to find specialised diets for life stages, breed types and conditions.

The average quality of life and life expectancy in large breed dogs who suffer from arthritis has been substantially increased because of specialised diets catering for their particular needs. Behavioural problems can range from aggression, to destructive behaviour like chewing and digging, to house soiling. Some of these problems can be blamed on uninformed and uninvolved owners who do not spend the time to properly socialise and do basic training when they first acquire their dogs as puppies.

This makes it sound like it is a quick, outpatient procedure, which only takes a few minutes and only cost a few rand. Nothing could be further away from the truth. Spaying or neutering pets is a full-blown surgical operation which requires a general anaesthetic. Getting a new puppy or kitten is always exciting and most of us just want to cuddle this cute little bundle of fur. It would be lovely if this were enough to keep them healthy and disease free forever but unfortunately it isn't. Just like human children, animal babies also need immunization when they are very young.

A newborn puppy or kitten isn't naturally immune. This milk is called first milk or colostrum because only the milk produced in the first two days after birth contains antibodies called maternal antibodies. These antibodies are like little soldiers standing ready to counter any attack from a virus the enemy. The intestinal lining of the newborn starts changing 6 hours after birth and starts losing the ability to absorb these antibodies.

It is therefore very important for new puppies and kittens to start suckling as soon as possible after birth. The newborn is only able to absorb these maternal antibodies for the first two days of its' life. Proper vaccination of the mother will ensure that she has proper antibodies levels which can then be passed on to her babies. If for some reason the puppy or kitten did not receive this precious colostrum fostered pets, bottle fed pets or perhaps failure of the mother to produce milk , they will be at a greater risk of contracting disease.

Most people do not know about this little worm. It has a strange and difficult name and an equally strange life-cycle. Normal deworming remedies do not kill this parasite and most people do not even know when their dog is infected with it. This article will try and shed some light on the how, what and where of Spirocerca lupi. Spirocerca lupi is a roundworm. It is red in colour and 40 — 70 mm long. The eggs contain the larvae and have the shape of a paperclip. The eggs and larvae are passed from one host to another and this process normally starts when an animal passes the eggs in its stools.

For example, a dung beetle ingests the eggs while working with or rolling in infected stools. The larvae then hatch inside the dung beetle and develop into more mature forms.

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A bird, lizard or another small animal might eat the dung beetle and then become infected with the larvae. Your dog will then become infected by eating the bird or lizard, called an intermediate host. This disease has not yet been seen in cats. Halitosis bad breath can be caused by many things, but is most often related to dental disease. Nowadays pets are part of the family. They sit next to us on the couch when we watch television, they sleep with us in our beds and we even take them on holiday — they are practically human!

This means we take better care of them and they therefore live much longer. Fortunately, as a result of this close relationship, we notice problems like bad breath much earlier one cannot help but smell something if you share your pillow with a furry friend and we can do something about it so much sooner.

Fleas are the most common pests on our pets. The immature stages larvae, pupae can survive for a long time in crevices, sofas, dog beds and carpets, just waiting for the right circumstances e. Then they not only irritate our pets but can also cause discomfort in humans.

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Many people will tell you that getting rid of a flea infestation in your home can be quite difficult and costly. Unfortunately, parasites living in the stomach and intestines occur all too common in our dogs and cats. These parasites live in the digestive tract, causing damage and robbing your pet of much needed nutrients. The amount of damage they cause depends on the type and number of worms your pet has.

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My cat has suddenly gone lame in her hindquarters and seems to be in a lot of pain Feline Aortic Thromboembolism What is Feline Aortic Thromboembolism? My cat's eyes are swollen and teary Conjunctivitis in Cats What is conjunctivitis? My dog has what looks like a red cherry stuck in the corner of its eye Cherry eyes in pets Introduction to cherry eye A cherry eye is a non-life-threatening condition that occurs in dogs, and less often in some cat breeds.

My dog's nose seems to be all clogged up and hard and he is not well at all Distemper in dogs Following recent outbreaks of Distemper Hondesiekte in Afrikaans in Kwa Zulu Natal and Gauteng, it is important to have an understanding of this disease which is fatal in half of all cases of dogs that contract the disease. My pet injured its eye! Trauma to the eye- eyelids and cornea Just like in people, the eye of a dog or cat is a delicate structure that can be affected by a huge number of different conditions. The vet could not cure my pet! Owner Compliance and the Role you as an Owner Play First things first, there are always 3 parties to any veterinary consultation: The vet, the pet and the one often overlooked, the owner.

My dog is really getting old Geriatric dogs - The senior years Taking your elderly dog to the vet for an annual check-up can sometimes feel like a waste of time and a big inconvenience to the pet involved. My cat is really getting old Geriatric Cats - The senior years Due to improvements in nutrition, veterinary and home care, cats are living a lot longer than they did twenty to thirty years ago. My pet is vomiting Is vomiting a sign of an upset tummy? My older German Shepherd Dog seems to be getting weak in its hindquarters Degenerative Myelopathy This article outlines a genetic disorder that mainly German Shepherd dogs are prone to.

My dog is ravenously hungry all the time and eats like a beast but is as thin as a rake. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in dogs Why is the pancreas important? When should I be worried about my cat's coughing? Coughing in cats A cough can be described as a sudden, forceful expiration of air through the glottis part of the throat. My dog seems sore in its front leg Elbow dysplasia in dogs What is elbow dysplasia?

My puppy is trying to chew the cord of my laptop charger Electrical Injury in our pets Although this may sound like a very unusual topic to discuss it is something that happens far more frequently than we would like. Celebrating good times with your pets What not to feed your pets during the festive season South Africans love to celebrate with food and drink as do many other cultures. I found a lump on my animal's skin. Is it cancer? Lumps and Bumps in your Pet Finding a lump or a bump in your pet which you have never noticed before, can cause serious worry for pet owners.

Can I, or my dogs or cats contract bird flu from my pet birds? Avian Influenza South Africa The information provided here is not an official statement but is meant to provide some general information on bird flu because of the break out of bird flu in September in South Africa. I love the mean look a dog with cropped ears have Ear cropping in dogs - Why vets do not do it anymore Ear cropping in dogs was a procedure done by vets in the previous century whenever dog owners requested it. My cat is damaging my furniture by scratching it Should I declaw my cat? My Boerboel with its long tail really looks strange.

I much prefer a Boerboel with a short tail. What is the brownish yellow discolouration on my pet's teeth? Discoloured teeth in dogs and cats Just like humans, dogs and cats have two different sets of teeth. Reverse Sneezing in dogs What is reverse sneeze? I found a loose stool with blood and what looks like jelly on the kitchen floor this morning - what do I do? Acute and Chronic colitis in dogs and cats What is Acute Colitis? Erlichiosis Tick bite fever in dogs It is not. What do I feed my dog, how much and when?

Nutrition in dogs: guidelines to a well-fed pooch Feeding your dog an appropriate well balanced diet for its life stage is vital to good health and wellbeing. My dog's stomach is suddenly very bloated and he is very uncomfortable The dreaded Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus GDV Syndrome - Twisted Stomach Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus GDV is a rapidly progressive life-threatening condition in dogs characterised by bloating and twisting of the stomach.

My pet was hit by a car on its hindquarters Pelvic Fractures This article gives a simple overview of what to expect when a pet has a pelvic fracture, what are the most common causes and associated injuries, and what treatment options are available. Can spaying your dog save her life? Pyometra in dogs - the reason for spaying Pyometra is a condition of unsterilised females, usually older than 6 years of age. Do animals also get cataracts? Cataracts in dogs Have you ever wondered if animals are also affected by cataracts just like humans?

Can my kitten make me sick? Cat Scratch Disease There are many diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. My dog did not go out of the yard and is now limping lame on one of his hind legs Anterior cruciate ligament rupture in dogs Often time vets are confronted with this situation in veterinary clinics.

My pet is not responding to me Deafness in pets Pets are known to have an acute sense of hearing. Is your pet safe? Fatal Diseases that can easily be prevented Fatal Diseases that can easily be prevented There are some fairly common fatal diseases in animals which can and should be prevented wherever possible. A sugar substitute fit for humans, which can be lethal to your dog Xylitol Toxicity What is xylitol and where can it be found? False Pregnancy Pregnancy False pregnancy, also known as Phantom pregnancy or Pseudo-pregnancy, is a condition of both dogs and cats, whereby the unsterilised female animal regardless of whether she was mated or not shows some or all of the typical signs of pregnancy but is not really pregnant.

Lameness in old dogs Lameness As a dog gets older, he or she may start to struggle to get up or get a little slower on walks. Lameness in older dogs can be broadly placed in three categories: View Article. Lameness in young dogs Lameness Getting home to find your puppy or young dog not placing weight on a leg is always a concern.

Proptosis Displacement of the eyeball Proptosis is defined, as the forward displacement of the globe eyeball out of the socket, with the eyelids trapped behind the globe. Bones: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Bones Although most of us grew up with the assumption that bones are good for our pets this is in fact a fallacy, one that more pet owners should be made aware of. My cat has pimples!

Feline Acne Feline acne is a common skin condition in cats. What is trichobezoar? Hairballs in cats The elusive and very unpleasant hairball is something that every cat owner will experience at some point. What causes back pain in dogs? Disc disease in dogs Introduction Intervertebral disc disease is a term that describes the condition in which the softer cartilage like material in between the bones of the spine, called an intervertebral disc, pushes onto the spinal cord, causing clinical signs that varies from slight back pain and discomfort to complete paralysis of limbs.

Is your male pet missing testicles? Old man's gland - Do dogs have the same problems as humans? Prostate disease in the dog The prostate is the only accessory sex gland in the male dog.

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Can I treat my pet's wound at home? Wound Care at Home When managing wounds at home it is important to always contact your veterinarian for assistance. Pregnant women have to watch out for this bug carried by cats Toxoplasmosis Introduction Toxoplasma gondii is a tiny organism, slightly bigger than a bacterium, called a protozoa. Why is my dog limping with his hind leg? Patellar Luxation Patellar luxation is a condition where the knee cap does not run in its groove but slips off to the side.

My young cat seems ill Feline Infectious Peritonitis Feline infectious peritonitis FIP is a serious and most often fatal disease affecting cats. Can humans get worms from dogs and cats? My pet has red urine - what does it mean? Bladder Stones Bladder stones is a condition that occurs in dogs and cats of various ages, sex and breeds. Do cats bite for no reason? Aggression in cats Cats are often seen as less aggressive animals than dogs but they have five sharp ends that can be used at a moments notice. The most common causes of aggression in cats can be described under the following categories: View Article.

Does your puppy have good manners? House training your new puppy It is important to plan ahead for house training. Do dogs bite for no reason? Aggression in dogs Aggression is one of the most common behavioural problems in dogs. A new puppy - happiest days or worst nightmare? New puppy Having a new puppy join your family can be one of the most exhilarating experiences for a family but if not done the right way it can have disastrous consequences. My cat is eating like crazy but stays thin - What is the deal? Understanding congestive heart failure in your pet Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure CHF is a very common condition affecting our pets, and is more often seen in dogs than cats.

When is it more than just a tummy ache? Pancreatitis The pancreas is a small gland that is situated next to the stomach and first part of the small intestine in the front of the abdomen. Kidney Failure Kidney Failure in Dogs and Cats The kidneys are very important organs of the animal body and play an important role in the normal day to day functioning of the body.

Hand Rearing Young Animals - A Basic Guideline Hand Rearing Animals The birth of a litter is a very exciting event, but it is also a huge responsibility for the owner, as many things can go wrong.

What is a cataract?

Ear Infections in Your Pet Ear infection Ear infections are common in dogs, and to a lesser degree in cats. Do cats get colds? Snuffles - Feline Rhinotracheitis Just like humans and most other domestic animal species, cats can also catch colds. This name describes the disease well; View Article. Do Dogs get colds? What is cracking with Kennel Cough? Diabetes Defined Diabetes in dogs and cats The pancreas is an organ in the body which is closely associated with the segment of intestine that leaves the stomach.

My pet is having a fit! Cancer in pets - Part 2 of 2 Cancer The treatment of cancer in pets has become a significant part of the therapy provided by veterinarians to keep our pet population healthy and thriving. Children and pets Children Children and pets are synonymous. Cancer in pets - Part 1 of 2 Cancer The battle against cancer in humans is as old as mankind itself. Smelling as fresh as a spring breeze How to bath your pet Human hygiene and animal hygiene are worlds apart.

Fireworks and Thunderstorms and your pet Anxiety Attacks in pets Anxiety and angst is as much part of the animal world as it is of the human world. Sporting, working and terrier breeds will be judged on Tuesday. The winners of those seven categories, each of which includes more than a dozen breeds, will face off on Tuesday evening in the Best in Show event, to be judged by Betty Regina Leininger of Frisco, Texas. Open main navigation Watch. English English voanews. Learning English learningenglish. Bosanski ba. Srpski glasamerike.

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